Thinking about Converting Your Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA?
Take a look at the Pros & Con of Roth Conversions
The tax provision that allows taxpayers to convert a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA is a great tax-planning tool when used properly, and timing is everything. Conversions can be tricky, so if you are considering a conversion, take a look at this article regarding conversion considerations or give our office a call and set up an appointment so we can help you properly analyze your conversion options.
Did you know that you must pay income taxes on the amount of the traditional IRA converted to a Roth IRA? There are some good reasons for paying the income tax and the answer is that Roth IRAs enjoy tax-free accumulation and distributions, whereas the earnings in and contributions made to a traditional IRA are fully taxable whenever they are withdrawn. There are, however, exceptions if the contributions to the traditional IRA were treated as non-deductible. In that case, each distribution is nontaxable or partly nontaxable if only some of the contributions had not been deducted.
With this in mind, if your income is abnormally low or a year in which your income might even be negative due to abnormal deductions or business losses, this would be the opportune time to consider converting. Additionally in such cases, you might even be able to make a conversion tax-free. Keep in mind that you do not have to convert the entire amount in the traditional IRA. You can choose any amount you wish to convert to fit your circumstances, and with proper tax planning, you can substantially minimize the conversion tax and the tax on your future retirement benefits.
You might also consider a conversion at a time when the IRA value is low due to a decline in the stock market, like the dip in stock values that occurred in September this year when the Dow index dropped from the low 18,000s to close to 16,000.
Those examples demonstrate when timing might be right for a conversion. However, on the flip side, if you converted earlier in the year, you could end up paying taxes on an amount that has declined in value due to the market downturn and wish you hadn’t converted. No worries thought, you can always undo a conversion.
A taxpayer who converts a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA during 2015 can back out of the conversion by re-characterizing the Roth IRA as a traditional IRA any time up to the extended due date of the 2015 return. This involves transferring the converted amount (plus earnings or minus losses) from the Roth IRA back to a traditional IRA via a direct (trustee-to-trustee) transfer.
Because everyone’s financial circumstances are unique here are additional issues to consider:
- Are there enough years before retirement to recoup the conversion tax dollars through tax-free accumulation?
- Will you be in a lower or higher tax bracket in the future?
- Where would the money to pay the conversion tax come from? Generally, it must be from separate funds. If it is taken from the IRA being converted, for individuals under age 59½, the funds withdrawn to pay the tax will also be subject to the 10% early-distribution penalty in addition to being taxed.
- It might be appropriate for you to design your own custom conversion plan over a number of years rather than converting everything at once.
Once again, if you are considering a conversion, give our office a call so we can help you properly analyze your conversion options.